On the 8th of October, Donald Trump was elected President of the United States of America, replacing ex-President Barack Obama after 8 years of mandate. Trump was the leader of the Republicans and beat the Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, being USA’s 45th President. While losing the popular vote by more than 1,5 million votes, the businessman won the electoral one by 74 votes, with 30 states going to him and 20 states going to Clinton. At 70 years old, he will be the oldest person ever to assume the presidency. Even if Obama invited him to the White House few days after the election to congratulate him for his victory, he is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2017.
Trump’s political positions are quite difficult to describe since he has been very contradictory over the years concerning his ideas. However, media often describe him as a “populist”. He stated : “”I have evolved on many issues. There are some issues that are very much the same, I’ve been constant on many issues. But I have evolved on certain issues.”
However, even if he might change some of them in the future, his actual positions as the new President are very clear. He describes them in his “10 points plan to put America First” which mainly concerns his immigration policies. Here it is :
1. Begin working on an impenetrable physical wall on the southern border, on day one. Mexico will pay for the wall.
2. End catch-and-release. Under a Trump administration, anyone who illegally crosses the border will be detained until they are removed out of our country.
3. Move criminal aliens out day one, in joint operations with local, state, and federal law enforcement. We will terminate the Obama administration’s deadly, non-enforcement policies that allow thousands of criminal aliens to freely roam our streets.
4. End sanctuary cities.
5. Immediately terminate President Obama’s two illegal executive amnesties. All immigration laws will be enforced – we will triple the number of ICE agents. Anyone who enters the U.S. illegally is subject to deportation. That is what it means to have laws and to have a country.
6. Suspend the issuance of visas to any place where adequate screening cannot occur, until proven and effective vetting mechanisms can be put into place.
7. Ensure that other countries take their people back when we order them deported.
8. Ensure that a biometric entry-exit visa tracking system is fully implemented at all land, air, and sea ports.
9. Turn off the jobs and benefits magnet. Many immigrants come to the U.S. illegally in search of jobs, even though federal law prohibits the employment of illegal immigrants.
10. Reform legal immigration to serve the best interests of America and its workers, keeping immigration levels within historic norms.
As you can see, some of these points are very controversial and create a lot of debates among the American population. Mainly among the Hispanic community which is the one directly targeted by these measures.
In following articles, we will explain more in details some of the points of Trump’s plan, trying to understand his motivations and the consequences it might create if they were applied.
Alexander MacLennan & Pierre Renaudie